Osteoporosis: can be life-threatening if left undiagnosed or untreated

Bone Mineral Density (BMD): A Clue to Your Bone Health

DEXA Scan Available at GHC PuXi Center (RMB1500)



      bone mineral density decreases after age 30

      loss of bone mineral density leads to decreased bone strength and increased fracture

      diagnosed by measuring BMD (DEXA T-score > 2.5 standard deviations less than reference population)

      DEXA T-score predicts risk of fracture; each standard deviations less represents 12% loss BMD or 2.5-fold increase in fracture risk

      approximately one in two women and up to one in four men age 50 and older are subject to bone fracture due to osteoporosis

      there are no symptoms of this bone disease until you fracture a bone

      complications from fracture such as pneumonia and lung clot can result in disability and death; 20% require long-term nursing care


Risk Factors

·         family history of hip fracture or osteoporosis

·         history of anorexia nervosa, eating disorder or low body weight

·         hormone treatment for prostate cancer

·         older age

·         past bone fractures

·         having rheumatoid arthritis or digestive illnesses

·         smoking

·         long term use of steroid medicine

·         three or more alcoholic drinks per day

·         lack of exercise or exposure to sun


What is the DEXA (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) Scan?

      highest accuracy and precision in measuring bone mineral density

      a simple, noninvasive study

      no pain, no injection, minimal radiation

      computerized report with GHC physician interpretation


Who Should Have a DEXA Scan?

·         women over age 55 or men over age 65

·         break a bone after age 50

·         women of menopausal age with risk factors

·         men age 50-65 with risk factors

·         an X-ray of your spine showing a break or bone loss in your spine

·         back pain with a possible break in your spine  

·         height loss of ½ inch or more within one year

·         total height loss of 1½ inches from your original height

·         patient on chronic steroid intake

·         annual followup to monitor response to therapy


To prevent and treat osteoporosis:

Live a healthy lifestyle.  Consume enough calcium and vitamin D.  Exercise regularly.  Don’t smoke.  Drink in moderation.  Consult our physician for antiosteoporosis drug therapy.

For appointment or enquiry, please call 52986339 (PuXi

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